As part of their responsibilities to eliminate or control risks in the workplace, employers must develop a safe work/job procedure (SWP or SJP) for each task, piece of equipment or tool that their worker is required to perform/use as part of their job and that may expose them to an uncontrolled risk. Its purpose is to provide step-by-step information to workers and outlines how to conduct a particular task or operate equipment in a safe manner.
The first step in the development of a safe work procedure is to perform a job, task, or position hazard analysis (HA). This is the process which involves Hazard Identification for the workers specific actions or activities they are expected to perform. The safe work/job procedure should include potential hazards, required personal protective equipment, devices and/or other safety considerations, and include the steps to be taken to enable the worker to perform the task safely.
It is the responsibility of the employer to provide information and instruction for workers using the SWP, but also to provide these same workers with training and supervision to ensure, as far as is reasonably practicable, the health and safety of the worker.
What other responsibilities should an employer consider when developing a safe work procedure?
- SWP/SJPs are based on information gathered by a risk assessment.
- SWP/SJPs must be understood by a worker through training.
- SWP/SJPs must be readily available for workers to reference.
- SWP/SJPs are designed to allow all workers, including those with limited comprehension of the document language, to provide safe equipment, tools, and training on how to use these safely.
- Competent supervision is assigned to ensure workers are complying with the steps outlined in the SWP.